Коротко про сайт

RefList.Su - це найбільша колекція рефератів. На сайті RefList.su Ви знайдете безліч цікавих робіт і статей: реферати, дипломні, курсові роботи, шпаргалки, контрольні та лабораторні роботи, топіки з англійської мови. На нашому порталі, Ви можете додавати свої матеріали, читати реферати користувачів, використовувати пошук по сайту. Також в RefList.su можна почитати викладу, доповіді, квитки, твори. Колекція рефератів доступна для всіх безкоштовно і без відправки смс, і реєстрації.

Реклама

Товари

Тип роботи: доповідь

UniSci Science News University Science 19-Apr-1999

Levels of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas found in the earth's atmosphere, have increased since pre-industrialized times, primarily due to the combustion of fossil fuels. Scientific studies have suggested this trend will continue, resulting in a projected doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels from preindustrial levels by the year 2065.

This projected atmospheric change brings with it other potential and uncer

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: доповідь

Born: 19 June 1623 in Clermont (now Clermont-Ferrand), Auvergne, France

Died: 19 Aug 1662 in Paris, France

Blaise Pascal was the third of

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Blake, William (b. Nov. 28, 1757, London--d. Aug. 12, 1827, London)

English poet, painter, engraver; one of the earliest and greatest figures of Romanticism. The most famous of Blake's lyrical poems is Auguries of Innocence, with its memorable opening stanza:

To see a World in a Grain of Sand

And a Heaven in a Wild Flower,

Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand

And Eternity in an hour.

"I do not behold the outward creation... it i

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Except for a living man there is nothing more wonderful than books. They teach us and open their hearts for us. We learn many things by reading books. They make the world much more larger for us. They tell us how great and wonderful man is. Books expand the boundaries of the familiar world for us.

Books stir up our imagination, fill up our minds with the new ideas, fill our life with great expectations of joy and happiness, they develop our intellect. Some books arouse our interest, d

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

I usually take books from school library. The library is helpful when I have to make a report, when I need information on some subjects. The choice of books in our school library is very good. There are many short stories and novels, textbooks and reference books, dictionaries and encyclopedias there. All books are arranged in alphabetical order. I pay attention to the cover of the book, its illustrations, the name of the author, the title of the book and the contents.

When we take a

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Reading books is a very important role in the life of people. It educates a person, enriches his intellect. Books bring pleasure and delight. I consider that books are with us during all our life. When I was a child my parents read them to me, I was pleased to listen to the stories and tales. I have learned a lot of interesting things from books since then. Now I like to read books on science. I am keen on reading the great variety of encyclopedias, reference books, technical magazines, etc.<

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Books... I think that we can't live without them. I consider that books are with us during all our life. When I was a child my parents read them to me. I was pleased to listen to the stories and tales. I learned a lot of interesting things from books. I remember, I liked thick books.

Later I could read myself. I like to read books about animals, nature and children. I like to get presents on my birthday. I am happy if it is a book. It doesn't matter what kind of book it i

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: доповідь

(about 1552 – 1605) was the Russian tsar since 1598; came to power in the time of “oprichnina”; was the tsar Fedor Ivanovich’s wife’s brother and actually rulled the state instead of him. He strengthered the central authoritybaning on the nobility and supported peasants enslavement Boris Feodorovich Godunov (about 1549 or 1552 – April 13/23, 1605, Moscow), the Russian tsar.

Origin

According to the legend the Godunovs came from the tatar prince Chet. Who came to Russia in the time of

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

The master of the monstrous... the discoverer of the unconscious.

-- Carl Gustav Jung, on Hieronymus Bosch

Hieronymus, or Jerome, Bosch, b. c.1450, d. August 1516, spent his entire artistic career in the small Dutch town of Hertogenbosch, from which he derived his name.

At the time of his death, Bosch was internationally celebrated as an eccentric painter of religious visions who dealt in particular with the torments of hell. During his lifetime Bosch's works

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

з. 1500; Оіл on panel, tryptych describing the ordeals of St Anthony; Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, Lisbon

Bosch's spiritual heroes were the saints who endured both physical and mental torment, yet remained steadfast. Among the saints, Bosch's favorite was Saint Anthony, the subject of his triptych The Temptation of Saint Anthony (c.1500; Museo National de Arte Antiga, Lisbon), which features physical punishment on the left wing, a Black Mass in the center, and the bland

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Original name ALESSANDRO DI MARIANO FILIPEPI (b. 1445, Florence [Italy]--d. May 17, 1510, Florence), Florentine early Renaissance painter whose Birth of Venus (з. 1485) and Primavera (1477-78) are often said to epitomize for modern viewers the spirit of the Renaissance. His ecclesiastical commissions included work for all the major churches of Florence and for the Sistine Chapel in Rome. His name is derived from his elder brother Giovanni, a pawnbroker, who was called Il Botticello ("Th

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: реферат

Bread is more than just a food. Just think of how the word is used: A person’s “bread and butter” is his or her main source of sustenance, while bread or dough can be cash, plain and simple. When people “break bread” they share more than just a meal: They come together in body as well as spirit.

It’s not surprising that bread is imbued with special meaning. Since the first raised breads were baked in Egypt around 4,000 B.C., bread has been a vital food source for peoples around the gl

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Many immigrants from the former USSR are great patriots of the United States, and these people sincerely love their new motherland. But their feeling of America is of a little strange kind; it is like a love of a parasite worm to the body of its host. 

The way of life in the so-called Russian District in Brooklyn is very interesting. I have seen different countries and never saw anything like this. If you think that such thing as culture of poverty does not exist, I would strongly re

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

is only a small country, but every part is different. Scotland is a land of mountains, lakes and romantic castles. The winters are cold, with plenty of snow, but the summers are often warm and sunny. Deer live in the hills, and the rivers are full of salmon. Edinburgh, Scotland's capital, is very beautiful. The heart of the city is the castle, where the kings of Scotland lived for centuries. Edinburgh has a busy cultural life. Every year, in August, the International Festival takes pla

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

There was little pictorial art in England until the great miniaturists of the Tudor epoch. There were portraits on a large scale, but they were in the main, of foreign origin, notably Dutch like Holbein. Then came Hogarth, the first great native painter born at the end of the 17th century, famous for both engravings and oil paintings, he was followed by Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792) famous for his portraits.

If Hogarth was the artist of the towns, Gainsborough, contemporary of Reynolds,

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Some people criticize English food. They say it's unimaginable, boring, tasteless, it's chips with everything and totally overcooked vegetables. The basic ingredients, when fresh, are so full of flavour that British haven't had to invent sauces to disguise their natural taste. What can compare with fresh pees or new potatoes just boiled and served with butter? Why drown spring lamb in wine or cream and spices, when with just one or two herbs it is absolutely delicious?

<

Відкрити весь текст
Тип роботи: топік

British education helps us to develop fully the abilities of individuals, for their own benefit and of society as a whole. Compulsory schooling takes place between the agers of 5 and 16, but some pupils remain at shool for 2 years more, to prepare for further higher education. Post shool education is organized flaxebly, to provide a wide range of opportunities for academic and vacational education and to continue studying through out life.

Administration of state schools is decentralis

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

There are a number of holidays, which are celebrated in Great Britain every year.

One of them is, of course, New Year's Day on the first of January. It is not so popular in England as in our country, but it is rather popular in Scotland. On that day people usually visit their friends and there is a lot of dancing and eating. In Scotland people bring a piece of coal for good luck in the New Year.

The next holiday of the year is St. Valentine's Day. It is on the 14th

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

There are 22 million homes in Britain — big homes and small homes, old cottages and new buildings, houses and flats. (Americans say "apartment" but British people say "flat"). Many British people love old houses and these are often more expensive than modern ones. They also love gardening and you will see gardens everywhere you go: in towns, villages and out in the country.

Some are very small with just one tree and a few flowers. Others are enormous with plent

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

The British Isles haven't always been a separate part of Europe. Long time ago Britain was a part of the European continent. Then about ten thousand years ago during the end of the last Ice Age, when the climate grew warmer, new rivers and sees were formed Europe slowly moved into its present shape.

The ancient people of Britain were simple hunters and ate flesh of animals fruits, nuts, honey. They fished, and gathered oysters. They didn't have a permanent place of living

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Great Britain gave the world a lot of talented people. Many famous writers and poets were born and lived in Great Britain.

One of the best known English playwrights was William Shakespeare. He draw ideas for his tragedies and comedies from the history of England and ancient Rome. Many experts consider Shakespeare the greatest writer and the greatest playwright in English language. William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays which may be divided into: comedies (such as "A Midsummer Night

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

The Institute of Ecology, Linguistics and Low

Degree work

«BRITISH MONARCHY

AND ITS INFLUENCE

UPON GOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTIONS»

Dunaeva Nina

Moscow, 2003

Contents

Part One

INTRODUCTION

The United kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland 4

Direct meaning of the word «monarchy» 6

The British constitutional monarchy 7

Part Two

HISTORY OF THE MONARCHY

King

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

) Some Famous Illuminated Manuscripts.

It is usual to regard English painting as beginning with the Tudor period and for this are several reasons. Yet the fact remains that painting was practised in England for many hundred years before the first Tudors came to the throne.

The development of the linear design in which English artists have always excelled can be traced back to the earliest illuminations brilliantly evolved in irish monastic centres and brought to Northum

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

British Parliament.

Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy. This means that it has a monarch as its Head of the State. The monarch reigns with the support of Parliament. The powers of the monarch are not defined precisely. Everything today is done in the Queen’s name. It is her government, her armed forces, her law courts and so on. She appoints all the Ministers, including the Prime Minister. Everything is done however on the advice of the elected Government, and the monarch take

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Probably in other country are there such great differences between the various national daily newspapers-in the type of news they report and the way they report it. On the one hand, there are the “quality” newspapers: The Times, The Independent, The Гаджен, The Financial Times and The Daily Telegraph. These concern themselves, as far as possible, with factual reports of major national and international events, with the world of politics and business and with the arts and sport.

On th

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: реферат

Accomplished by: Lebedeva Ekaterina

Novgorod State University. The Department of Foreign Languages.

Veliky Novgorod 2001

Introduction.

 British people are proud of pageants and ceremonies of the national capital – London. Many of them are world famous and attract numerous tourists from all over the world. They include daily ceremonies and annuals. Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace at 11.30 a. m., Ceremony of the Keys at 10 p. m. in the Tower, Mounting the Guar

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

The Hermitage is one of the very few on the Continent which contains a special section for English pictures.

Portraiture, landscape painting and satire art in which England excelled , are represented by a number of first-class paintings and prints executed by the most outstanding artists of British School, mainly of the 18th century. A number of 17th-19th century works are on show too. There are also some notable specimens of applied art, among which is a fine group of objects in silv

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: реферат

Until reccently the history of the english theatre has been build around actors rather then companies. It has been hard to find any London theatre that even had a consistent policy. There are no permanent staff in British theatres. Apply is rehearsed for a few weeks by a company of actors working together mostly for the first time and it is allowed to run as long as it draws the odious and pays it's way.

Another peculiarity of the theatres in Great Britain is an follows: there a

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Great Britain is famous for its old traditions. Some of them existed in ancient times and survived through centuries. Some of them appeared when Christianity came to British isles. Speaking about religious holidays one can’t but mention Easter, Pancake Day and Mother’s Day. The dates of these holidays aren’t strict, they depend on the date of Easter, that varies every year.

   Pancake day is the popular name for the Shrove Tuesday, the day before the first day of Lent. In the middle a

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік
Introduction

Torsten Daerr

English is spoken in many countries either as the mother tongue or as a second language. That’s why instead of «English» there are many «Englishes» — variations of the language. In this article I’ll focus on the two mostly commonly used versions of English — British and American English.

Before we take a look at some of the differences between the two main types of English I’d like to stress that these differences are somehwat minor and with the ong

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: реферат

"I know not everyone will like me, but this is who I am so if you don't like it, tough!"

-Britney Spears.

   Unless you are living under a rock, you know who Britney Spears is.

She's the most famous 19 year old in the music industry. She has outsold and broken records set by artists years before she was even born. Her first record "Baby… One More Time" made her the youngest artist in Soundscan history to have a certified RIAA 12 ti

Відкрити весь текст

Тип роботи: топік

Brown, Ford Madox (1821-93). English painter.

He was born at Calais and trained at Antwerp (under Wappers), in Paris, and at Rome, where he came into contact with the Nazarenes. Settling in England in 1846, he became a friend of the Pre-Raphaelites and--with his taste for literary subjects and meticulous handling--an influence on their work, though he was never a member of the Brotherhood. Rossetti studied briefly with him in 1848 and Brown's Chaucer at the Court of Edward III

Відкрити весь текст