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1. eee

e aoaa a poocee poecc opacx poeoc cpoex aepao poec oe pooeoc pa, ppoce ca po, ce pacxoa aepao oo - epeecx pecpco. c o ooe o aae apa a 3 3,5 oa. Coa aoapoax cce pae exooec poecca, aoapoax exooecx oeco ocaae coa e, po e co pa, ex eoacoc . .

aoap po pa ex XX . oc epeece, exooece, pacope pe a apea aoaec paee. pooe cooae poocex poeccax aoaecoo aoapoaoo oopoa o ec aoaa pooca. Ec exaa ocooae eoea oo o eoo ecoo pa, o aoaa pecapae epea aoaec cpoca ae pae, pepoa opo, oope pae o eoe.

Aoaecoe paee poo peec oe oepa, oope opeoa o eoea epepao ooo oeca opa opooe pe. a oo eoe pxo epoa cea aa (), oop aco aa epo oo; aa aape opa, ooae a paoe peee. caa eoxoo a ox poex pepx a pacope. p pae a-o oeo oae opa o ao, opopx cocoe oo oea. aape oee ae paaae oa, oope ae peopac ca, oece a oe. Ec ee oaaec co ooo caa, o eo ooe ca ecoo cao-aoao, oe x aoaec .

Aoaecoe pepoae oepae ococo pea pao a popa (cape x pao) o ee o pe o apaee aao ao pepoa. Pepc pe pao acoco opeccopo, ope ape ee, aao. Aoa pep pao poo, e, cecee, xooo. p aoaa pooca opo ae epea aoaec cpoca. cpoca aoaecoo opo opea aa epecx cee o epep, opox aa, epeape, peae oopx o o aap.

ocoe aoaa pooca e cce oxo ocpoe cooa oeca cpec aoaecoo pae, pepoa opo. aoae poo coc oee oce oac a ex, o ooe oee pacp oooc exooecoo oopoa.

2. exoo pooca eea

pooco eea ae e ce: epa - oee epa, opa - oeee epa o opooopaoo coco oaee e ca px oao. ep a ca opooco, eo a eo pxoc 70% ceecooc eea. A pocxo o ce opao: epa ca - o oa cpex aepao. Papaoa ecox ecopoe eec oo coco, . e. ac op coc , opa e ca co eoao-eeoo eca, oop coec pooca eea. o co axoc, a pao, a e o 10 (o o o cpeaec epe paa), o oe ocae 0,7 . ae o aepa opaec o pacopep a eee o co pax 10 c aepe. oce oo ec ocaec, e poecc ooa cea eo p ooea. aee a cpea cec oepaec o. a oa ep. opa ca oe coco ecox ao. o: poee epa, ca epax oao, poee cooo a, oo epa coeco co a epa oaa. Oao ao a, o cpeo aepa e ae cea oao, a o-exece xapaepc (ae a pooc, aoc . .) cp pae. oo aoo a cp papaoa co coco pooca. o e o ooae oece xopo oopo oo ooe epeeae ooeo. eeo poeoc co p cocoa pooca, ocoe oopx ea pae exooece pe ooo cpeoo aepaa: op, cxo opoa.

op coco pooca co p ooe eea ea (apoa ooe), (ca ooe) eeocoepax oao (oepop a, eec po, pe oap). aoc p o e oa pea 20%, a aoc ea - 29%. op o coco aa oo, o eee cpeo cec pooc oo cpee, a xoe oaec xa e oo cce - aa aoc 30 - 50%. aee a ocae e oa, aep oopo ocae 7 , a a - 200 oee. p oe cp ec eco. oce oo ap-ep, oope opac a xoe e, pacpa o opoo, oop ec eeo.

- aoo cocoa coec opeee oopoa cpoo opeeea oceoaeoc oepa.

- aee ee acec ae e o 50 . Opaa pooc a aoox o eeoopoo opoe.

Xapaepca po exooec eo e pooca. ee o aex cpoex aepao, peaaex eoo cpoex pacopo, cpeee oex eeo (eae) cpoex ocp, poo p. ee pecae coo paec ' aepa, oop oce cee oo peapeoo aepea a oxe pooae coxpa apaa pooc oe. pooco eea ocoeo eoxooc eo pooca pee a opao cpoece. Cpoeco a ocoe eea ooe o oe o eopoooc coo opoocooc. exoo eeoe pooco ooe cooa oxo oae, eapeco opace, a ae ooe po x pooc. eoope oxo ae a coca eea. a exoo ooe ocec opoae pooca eea pooco eao, xecx poo ep. Cece oo a oo eea. O oac p o pa oe coca, co pooca ae x pax o oao. opaeeo (aee ..) aaec paecoe ee eeco, epeee oe a oxe, oaeoe coecoo paoa opaeeoo epa ca pepoa cpoo cxaa. ap .. opee p ca a cae caapo eeo ao paepa 4*4*16 . Cec cee ap .., caee poeoc cpoex aepao: 1. 400 O 400 20. peec pooca acecoeex e, cpoeca , poex a coope. 2. 500 O. peec cpoeca oco, epooo, eeoeox p, poex cpoe oo. 3. 600 O. peec cpoeca oco, ee, coopox coope a oeax cepca Oopo.

Cpe p pooce eaa o opo coco c cee ooe: apoa ooee, ca ooea, eeocoepae oape oap, oepop a, eec po.

oa exooeca cxea:

e a oac apepax caaopa. aoc o 20%, ea o 29%. a pc aocaoca oaec ooa, e pooc pooee oo aa. a pea epeaaec acoco epae acce. e pc caaopo ap. ap e copoe oae caa ea ep. epa e oapa o pacopep ocae e caoee (poo). Oopeeo poo oac a (acoco caoeo epax acceo), a ae oa C. pooe a oaec epa acce. Oca a oaec cpe e, oopo pocxo eo oo. oo a epeaa epae aoacce, e pocxo eo oppepoa. Ooppepoaa cpea cec acoca epeaaec opoae acce, a oa cee opoae acce. epe ao ae cpea cec accea oaec e oa. oeco oaaeoo e cp pepec opo ao. Copoc aoe ac o ca oopoo e o eec aa. opo a aeco aa ee aopaop. Oecae oxox ao oo pocxo oo epopo, oope paoa pee aoaecoo pepoa. Oxaee epa ee pooc oocox xooax peepaopx. oocoe xoo e pooeoc ooo 70 /. eepapa epa a xoe oocooo xooa cocae e oee 90 paco. ep ee eepapo 1250 paco ocae ax xooa, e caoe eoe ooc peo oxaaec oxo, oaae eopo cooo ae. aee ep ocae a pee, oopa coco ox eox ooco. pa epe ooa a ooc ooco oecea poee epa epe eo ecoe epeeae. papoo oce xooa caoea cpoea poa ee px co epa. Peepaop xoo ee pooeoc 35 o ac. eepapa epa a xoee oee 400 paco. xooe eec ecoo apaao, apeex o opoc opca, oope paac ece e. Co caa ep ocae oo ocooo peepoo paa epa eex e. a e oaec c, oa c a ac opec eee e. eca poecca ooa p pooce eoaox eeo a apea ae oaec ocaa exec (C) oece 0,01%. pacoppoa oooo eea eee coca pooc eoacoca. Coc pecae coo eeoeo eoc aepo ooo 10 coo pepo 25-30 . Coc ca eea acae oo oee eca coco.

3. Ocae pao e poo

apaep

C 70 - 23

acaa pooeoc, /

Paep apaaa ce e epo, :

aep

a

oe oe paoe aep, 3

acoa pae e, o/

aoa poc apaex co,

oe:

ap aepao

e ea

ooc aoo epoae,

acca (e epooopoa ex e),

400

7

2,3

80

13

400

0,45

0,45

1600

410

ea C-70-23 opoo caoee cpex aepao a poo papaoa opoo ee p epx ex eao a ooaex apax. ae o a co peee exooecx x pooca eea op cocoo peapeoo ee x acx cpex aepao (, ea, eca) ooo px eax.

exooecoe aaee e a poo aoe e, a ooe, eco oopx o ocee o ce ae coc a eex aoax. e aao o ocp pee oac oo paepa.

p pao.

oea ee aepa oaec eo oeepo aee apo oa e 1 e, oa o ccaec o apo, a 2, ocae poeo, p oo oopoo aepa pacoppec p a apaa e. eoxoa opoo ooa oa oac e ae epe apo e.

a pee oepxoc peco ac apaaa 5 apee poe ep, oee ococoo ca. aepa o ece epoex c, oax p pae apaaa 5, oo epo oaec a ae co, oa aae , eac p o peae apa cpa o co aepaa, oop o pe axoc e ac apaaa, a ae o poeepooe ep. oe eoc ooa apaa e apac eoo oece ee ea (cae ap aepo 80 ... 100 ). opoe ce apaaa e oc op. Cap o ocae paa pepa, a p ae oepoa poe-epoo a ococoo ca. Co copo pap paoee pocpaco apaaa ece pa eo papoo ae opaeo epao epeopoo oepec pacooe oec oepc poca oooo aepaa. oea a aec e epe o papo a 9 apee a ee pooe papo p 10. oo o 20 o 40% aaeo ee eeoo poa ec oo, ooa o apaec pe e.

p caoe a pae pacoppoa eeo aepaa o e a poo p ea poaccaopa, p oo oopoo oo e oo po, oo ceceo e oeco aepaa, apaeoo a oo pe e, p o oc x pooeoc.

a aee pa 4 8- ea opaec epe aoe o coe, aee opca 3 , oeca epaoepo poca aeo o oopa eopa opca e a aox oo caoex a cepecx oopax.

po 11 e - epep a eo, apee a oco papoo a; aeee xo oeoa ecep, oopa oae paee o epoae epe peop. poopaa e a eoo copoc p peox epoox paoax pecope cooae po epoaee peopo, xoxo a oopoo coee o cpoxo ao aoo peopa. opao a a oea aec p paoe cooaeoo poa. a epoae x cax e paoae.

Caa aox oo peopa aoo poa oca, caae pooe.

oea opca e p peoax pecope paece opa 6.

a ea oa a eex aoax aoee pacpocpaee. pooeoc e ac o paooococooc aepaa, a e poeaex e, aoc px cocx aopo.

e ooe Cpac p ao.

4. Ocae cxe aoaa

4.1 Aoaa poecca pooe cpeoo aa ecapoo ee poo

oceee pe a eex aoax axo ce oee

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